The Sporting Banner of the Emerald Isle (“The Power and the Glory”)

The Sporting Banner of the Emerald Isle

Ireland (the island) presents an inconsistent face to the world. At all-Ireland sporting events a variety of symbolism is in use, while most countries make do with only one or (sometimes) two distinct flags. Confusion between Ireland the island and Ireland the sovereign state results in the alienation of many Unionists from all-island sporting organizations. This has led to many sports adopting more inclusive symbolisms, however these have been done on an ad-hoc basis and suffer from a lack of consistency and design impact. The result is a confusing assortment of State, organizational and unofficial flags being flown, producing a fragmented brand and a divided community of supporters.

A similar problem with anthems led to the commissioning of the song “Ireland’s Call” by the IRFU, which has since been adopted by other sporting organizations, thus becoming a de-facto “sporting anthem”. We are therefore motivated to design an analogous “sporting banner”, with a view to unifying the disparate symbolisms currently in use and presenting a distinctive, common brand.

Design brief

  1. Must represent the island of Ireland across multiple sporting disciplines
  2. Should avoid divisive or controversial design elements
  3. Should be distinct from existing flags, Irish or otherwise
  4. Must be bold and readily identifiable from a distance
  5. Must be able to command broad allegiance
  6. Should be based on existing symbology

Prior art

Most of these can be found on Wikipedia.

  1. IRFU flag
    Pro: already in use, uncontroversial (2,5)
    Con: poor design quality (4), non-universal (1)
  2. Irish Hockey flag
    As IRFU, marginally cleaner design
  3. Irish Cricket flag
    As IRFU, but even worse design
  4. The four-provinces flag
    Pro: widely recognizable, already in use (1,2,5), explicitly represents island of Ireland
    Con: confused design, lack of Unionist engagement
  5. Tricolour
    Pro: in use, recognisable
    Con: politically divisive
  6. Geraldine (“St. Patrick’s”) cross
    Pro: simple, bold design
    Con: obscure, lack of Republican engagement
  7. Harp on green field
    Pro: simple, bold design
    Con: already in use as flag of Leinster
  8. Harp on blue field
    Pro: simple, bold design
    Con: already in use as RoI presidential standard

The above can be broken down into the following pool of design elements:

  1. Green field
    Most commonly used element – uncontroversial and universally recognizable.
  2. Blue field (“St. Patrick’s Blue”)
    Less common, somewhat archaic alternative to the above
  3. Flags of the Four Provinces, in combination
    Explicitly all-Ireland (possible negative connotations for some Unionists)
  4. Orange
    Ironically, the presence of (supposedly Protestant) orange on much Irish symbolism serves to alienate Protestants, whereas green is broadly acceptable.
  5. White
    Commonly found as secondary element
  6. Harp
    Uncontroversial, easily recognizable
  7. Shamrock
  8. Red saltire
    Originally arms of FitzGerald, repurposed as ersatz “St. Patrick’s cross” in 19th C. Slight bias towards unionists (and Blueshirts) but also found in establishment contexts across Ireland


The starting point of our preferred solution is to explicitly draw parallels with “Ireland’s Call”, as the banner and the song are intended to solve similar problems and be used on the same occasions. Linking the banner with the song also helps to underline its design brief as sporting rather than political symbolism.

The lyrical theme of “Ireland’s Call” is one of teammates from the four provinces standing together to face their opponents with pride – the second verse is devoted entirely to poetic descriptions of those four provinces. It would seem natural then to start with the Four Provinces flag (pool element 3), however it suffers from serious design flaws – by combining four complex, disparate designs, one ends up with a whole that is graphically much less than the sum of its parts.

This is not an insurmountable problem – many flags balance the competing requirements of symbolic inclusivity and graphic simplicity by defacing a bold primary design with a complex coat of arms – the flag of Croatia is particularly apposite. We have therefore chosen to include the Four Provinces symbolism in the form of a shield defacing the main flag.

The primary element of the main design was chosen to be a green field (pool element 1) – although St Patrick’s blue (element 2) has an older pedigree, green is more readily associated with Ireland, particularly in sporting contexts where Ireland competes in a green strip. At this stage, we could construct a design similar to the current hockey flag, but such a flag lacks any bold design elements and therefore appears bland and is hard to identify from afar (brief point 4). As brief point 4 is arguably the entire purpose of having a flag, we cannot disregard it.

Orange (element 4) is reminiscent of the republican flag, and therefore too politically charged for our purposes. We have already chosen to deface our flag with a design that includes a harp (element 6). Shamrocks (element 7) would not stand out against the field unless rendered in an unnatural colour. The only element left in our design pool is the Geraldine cross (element 8), but by a stroke of luck it fulfills our requirements perfectly – it is bold and distinctive; the red saltire is nowhere else seen against a green field; and any perceived pro-Unionist bias may be regarded as an appropriate counterweight to any perceived pro-Nationalist bias of the Four Provinces shield.

When the final design is assembled, the Four Provinces stand powerfully at the centre (“shoulder to shoulder”) while the red saltire (with customary white fringing) appears to radiate gloriously outwards. Together these themes draw multiple parallels between song and banner, hence our suggestion that a nickname be lifted directly from the lyrics of Ireland’s Call in order to emphasise a unity of purpose.

To minimize stylistic clashes (and printing costs!) we have reduced the colour palette down to a set of six commonly used bolds. Connacht forgive us.

Although the design is straightforward (green + red saltire + four provinces), bonus symbolism can be milked if one is motivated. The green, white and red colour scheme is partway between the green-white-orange of Nationalists and the red-white-blue of Unionists. The white fringing can be regarded as a white saltire in its own right, a Dissenter counterpart to the red saltire of Anglicans and Gaelic green. The four green triangles visible between the arms of the saltire can be read as a secondary symbol of the four provinces.

By using pre-existing all-Ireland symbols in the design (to wit, various defacements of a green field; red saltire; Four Provinces flag), we also unify those symbols in a coherent brand, so that familiarity with the sporting banner automatically implies familiarity with the components when taken individually. The introduction at an event of even a small number of sporting banners amongst a population of Four Provinces, St Patrick’s crosses and official IRFU flags (say) would likely have a disproportionate effect on brand image, with the other three flags appearing (to the uninitiated) to be special cases of the sporting banner. Thus the combined effect is one of a single brand with complementary strands, rather than an assortment of disconnected brands. This brand is further reinforced by tying it into the lyrics of Ireland’s Call – the aim being that the audio and visual symbols should each invoke a mental image of the other.


vert a saltire gules fimbriated argent, centred an escutcheon quarterly; 1st or a cross gules centred an escutcheon of pretence argent, a dexter hand gules; 2nd azure three crowns or; 3rd per pale first argent a dexter half eagle displayed sable, second azure a sinister arm embowed fessways holding a sword all argent; 4th vert a harp or

Adobe Illustrator source file

16×28 units green field (1:sqrt(3))
red saltire width 2u, white fringing width 1u
shield 6.5x8u, centered, black border 0.2u

four equal area quadrants
centred on quadripoint
upper quadrants square aspect
clockwise from top left: Ulster,Munster,Leinster,Connacht
U cross width 1/8 shield width
U shield 1/4×3/8 s.w.
U hand height 1/4 s.w.
M crowns 3/16×3/16 s.w.
L harp height 7/16 s.w.
L harp turned so strings vertical (to avoid curve of shield)
C eagle height 7/16 s.w.

Pantone (CMYK) palette:

gold: 116C (0,16,100,0)
red: 186C (0,100,81,4)
blue: 281C (100,72,0,32)
green: 364C (65,0,100,42)


The files presented in this post contain some public domain elements from wikimedia commons. All other designs and design elements in this post are hereby released into the public domain.


11 thoughts on “The Sporting Banner of the Emerald Isle (“The Power and the Glory”)”

  1. I’d leave the four province symbol out altogether. The four provinces are symbolised by the flag itself (that being the point of it) and aesthetically it just looks a bit…..fidgety!

    The bunting version looks better but I think it’d be improved by removing the white piping. It doesn’t represent anything anyway.

    Anyway, the rationale for having a flag is spot on. I note this blog is a couple of years old now, how you pushed it at all? It might be a good idea to just get three of four made and start displaying them at matches

    1. It is a little over engineered, I’ll admit that straight up. One of the guiding principles though was to find something inclusive, and the red and green on their own don’t immediately shout “Ireland”, even to Irish people themselves. The four provinces, despite being graphically messy, do exactly what it says on the tin. ;-) Point taken though.

      I’ll take issue with the white piping objection. Red and green laid directly on top of one another is the cardinal sin of graphic design. Try it and see how long you can look at it without your eyes watering.

      I have a prototype flag made up – cost me more than I’ll admit to, mainly because it’s not a stock design. I’ve been to three internationals in lansdowne road with it in the hope of getting it on TV, but didn’t always have the best seats. Will be at the autumn inters this year as we got the package deal. Will try to hang it from the balcony each time – we have seats opposite the cameras so there’s a good chance it will appear.

      If you want to make up your own copy and join in, the help will be appreciated! ;-)

      1. Hey Andrew,

        Is it possible to use a design like this and remodel it as my own for commercial purposes and claim ownership of it if it becomes popular? Mine has the provinces in a different location and has a crown on top of the province. Plus, the red saltire is more similar to the Union Jack. 

        Let me know anyway.


  2. Hey Andrew,

    Is it possible to use a design like this and remodel it as my own for commercial purposes and claim ownership of it if it becomes popular? Mine has the provinces in a different location and has a crown on top of the province. Plus, the red saltire is more similar to the Union Jack. 

    Let me know anyway.


    1. It’s in the public domain, so you can use it for commercial purposes. You can’t claim ownership of any of the public domain work, although you could try to claim ownership of your own modifications, provided they are sufficiently distinctive and non-obvious (I am not a lawyer etc.).

      1. Hi Matthew,
        No, the only thing that’s different is the crown on top of the provinces. The layout of the provinces is different from yours. Ulster is top right – Leinster bottom right – Munster bottom left – Connaught top left. The saltire and green background are behind the provinces and crown. The difference is the flag is deliberately designed with the Irish saltire slightly depressed at the hoist end to reflect the union with the green field, giving as it were seniority to the green cross. When statically displayed, the hoist is on the observer’s left.

        That’s the way I have my flag designed. It’s similar to yours, but distinctively different when you add the crown, the formation of the provinces, and the background saltires of the Scottish and St. Patrick’s cross on the Union Jack. 

        Could I take ownership? I remodeled and modified it to make it as unique as possible.

      2. I meant to say the the *red..saltire is slightly depressed at the hoist end to reflect the union with the green field, giving as it were seniority to the green cross. When statically displayed, the hoist is on the observer’s left.

  3. It’s really not up to me. I have no intention of commercialising it, hence “public domain”, but everyone has equal claim on public domain work. Note that various arrangements of the four provinces already exist (the one used above is not the most common one, but rather the one I feel is most visually symmetrical) and so you are probably going to find prior art for whichever one you pick. Similarly, the rotated saltire is taken straight from the Union Flag, so is almost certainly also public domain, and crowns are two a penny in heraldry. To claim any sort of ownership you’d have to argue that your particular combination of public-domain and prior art is sufficiently novel to be “non-obvious”, and that’s a) something only a court could decide, and b) an argument you’ll be having with some random third party, not me.

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